Glossary

If acronyms have got you confused, use this heritage glossary to find out what they all mean. We have included full names and websites of many organizations and initiatives to help connect you with the resources and partners you need to succeed.

A

AACRII
Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, Second Edition
AAT
Art & Architecture Thesaurus
AC
Artefacts Canada
ACS
Association for Canadian Studies
ACSQ
Association des cadres scolaires du Québec
ADD
Archives Descriptive Database
ADR
Alternative Dispute Resolution
ADSL
Asymmetrical digital subscriber line
AGB
Alexander Graham Bell (Museum)
AGO
Art Gallery of Ontario
AI
Artificial Intelligence
ALAI
L'Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale
ALI-ABA
American Law Institute - American Bar Association
ALT
Alternative
ALV
File format
AMA
Alberta Museums Association
AMIA
Association for Moving Image Archivists
AMICO
Art Museum Image Consortium
AMM
Association of Manitoba Museums
AMNH
American Museum of Natural History
AMOL
Australian Museums & Galleries Online
AMTA
Association for Machine Translation in the Americas
APTICA
Avancement pédagogique des technologies de l'information et de la communication en Atlantique
ARI
Agora Research Initiative
ARS
Artist Rights Society
ARTIFICE
Archeological Research Terminal for Independent Cultural Explorations
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange

B

BCMA
British Columbia Museums Association
BGS
Bowne Global Solutions
BMP
Bitmap
bit
Binary digit
byte
Binary term

C

CAIN
Canadian Archival Information Network
CAN
Collections Australia Network
CANCOPY
Canadian National Reprography Collective
CAPAC
Canadian Authors and Publishers Association of Canada
CARFAC
Canadian Artists Representation
CAROL
Canadian Artists Represented Online
CASC
Canadian Association of Science Centres
CCI
Canadian Conservation Institute
CCO
Canadian Culture Online
CD-ROM
Compact Disk – Read Only Memory
CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access
CDWA
Categories for the Description of Works of Art
CHIN
Canadian Heritage Information Network
CHIO
Cultural Heritage Information Online
CIDOC
The International Committee for Documentation of the
International Council of Museums.
CIMI
Computer Interchange of Museum Information
CIN
Conservation Information Network
CIPA
Centre d'interprétation des pionniers de l'aviation
CIRA
Canadian Internet Registration Authority
CMA
Canadian Museums Association
CMAPEI
Community Museums Association of Prince Edward Island
CMC
Canadian Museum of Civilization
CMCC
Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation
CMDR
Canadian Museums Digital Repository
CMRRA
Canadian Musical Reproduction Rights Agency
CMSR
Collections Management Software Review
CMSS
Collections Management Software Selection
CNSLP
Canadian National Site Licensing Project
COM
Microsoft Component Object Model
CPU
Central Processing Unit
CRC
Cultural Resources Center
CRIA
Canadian Recording Industry Association Inc.
CRMP
Cultural Resource Management Program
CSD
Circuit Switched Data
CSS
Cascading Style Sheets
CTHS
Cumberland Township Historical Society
Chtml
Compact Hypertext Markup Language

D

DAT
Digital Audio Tape
DCH
Department of Canadian Heritage
DCS
Digital Conversion Services
DCT
Discrete Cosine Transformation
DDE
Dynamic Data Exchange
DL
Definition list
DLPS
Digital Library Production Service
DLSR
Digital single-lens reflex camera
DLT
Digital Linear Tape
DMC
Director's Management Committee
DMCA
Digital Millennium Copyright Act
DPC
Digital Preservation Coalition
DPI
Dots per inch
DRMS
Digital rights management systems
DSL
Digital Subscriber Line
DVD
Digital Versatile Disc
DwC
Darwin Core
dCCF
digital Cultural Content Forum
dHTML
Dynamic HTML

E

EAMTA
European Association for Machine Translation
EBCDIC
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EM
Emphasis
EPOC
An operating system
EPS
Encapsulated PostScript file format
ERPANET
Electronic Resource Preservation and Access Network
ETCATA
Educational Technology Council of the Alberta Teachers' Association
EVA
European Visual Archive

F

FAI
Fonds de l'autoroute de l'information
FLAR
Federal Law on Author's Rights
FNSH
Federation of Nova Scotian Heritage
FTP
File Transfer Protocol

G

GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GB
Gigabyte
GIF
Graphic Image File format
GLP
General Public Licence
GOL
Government Online
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service
GPS
Global Positioning Satellites [Global Positioning System]
GSM
Global System for Mobile Communications

H

HEDS
Higher Education Digitization Service
HILT
High-Level Thesaurus
HRSDC
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol

I

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
ICOM
International Council of Museums
ICT
Information and communications technologies
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ILL
Inter-library loan
IM/IT Solutions
Information Management/Information Technology Solutions
IMLS
Institute of Museum and Library Services 
IP
Intellectual Property
ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO
International Organization for Standardization 
ISP
Internet service providers
ITCP
Information Technology and Creative Practices

J

JCDL
Joint Conference on Digital Libraries
JISC
Joint Information Systems Committee
JPEG
Joint Photographic Experts Group

K

KB
Kilobyte
Kbits/s (KBPS)
Kilobits per second

L

LAN
Local Area Network
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LEAF
Linking and Exploring Authority Files

M

M2A
MINISIS Management for Archives
M2L
MINISIS Management for Libraries
M3
MINISIS Management for Museums
MACM
Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal
MANL
Museum Association of Newfoundland and Labrador
MAS
Museums Association of Saskatchewan
MB
Megabyte
MESL
Museum Educational Site Licensing
METS
Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard
MHz
Megahertz
MINISIS SMA
Standard MINISIS Application
MINT
MINISIS Integrator
MIT
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MLA
Museums Libraries and Archives Council
MMS
Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
MOV
Movie or video file format
MPEG
Moving Picture Experts Group
MQ
Musée du Québec [now, properly, Musée National des Beaux-Arts du Québec]
MT
Machine Translation
MT/CAT
Machine Translation/Computer-assisted translation
MW 2008
Museums and the Web 2008
MWI
MINISIS Web Interface
Mbits/s (MBPS)
Megabits per second
McMichael
McMichael Canadian Collection
MoA
Making of America

N

NAIG
North American Indigenous Games
NASA
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NDIIP
National Digital Information Infrastructure Program
NDL
National Digital Library
NEDLIB
Networked European Deposit Library
NINCH
National Initiative for a Networked Cultural Heritage
NIP
National Inventory Programme
NKOS
Networked Knowledge Organization Systems/Services
NMAI
National Museum of the American Indian
NRC
National Research Council Canada
NYPL
New York Public Library

O

OAI
Open Archives Initiative
OCLC
Online Computer Library Centre
OCR
Optical Character Recognition
OCSB
Ottawa-Carleton School Board Conference
OL
Ordered list
OLE
Object Linking and Embedding
OMA
Ontario Museum Association
OMSI
Oregon Museum of Science and Industry

P

PADI
Preserving Access to Digital Information
PC
Personal Computer
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PCS
Personal Communications Service
PCT
Image file format
PCX
Image file format
PDA
Personal digital assistant
PDF
Portable Document Format
PHP
HTML-embedded scripting language
PNG
Portable Network Graphic
PNI
Picture Information Network
PREMIS
PREservation Implementation Strategies
PROCAN
Performing Rights Organization of Canada
PSD
File format
PTM
Public Technologies Multimedia
PURLs
Persistent URLs
PwC
PricewaterhouseCoopers
ppi
Pixels per inch

Q

QC
Quality Control

R

RAD
Rapid Application Development
RALI
Recherche Appliquée en Linguistique Informatique
RAM
Random-access memory
RAW
Initial Image File
RBI
Research and Business Intelligence
RDBMS
Relational Database Management Software
RFID
Radio Frequency Identification
RGB
Red, Green, Blue
RITS
Registration Information Tracking System
RLG
Research Libraries Group
ROI
Return on investment
ROM
Read-only memory
RSS
Really Simple Syndication

S

SAN
Storage Area Network
SCG
Statistical Consultation Group
SFMOMA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
SGML
Standard Generalized Markup Language
SIG
Systems Integration Group
SMQ
Société des musées québécois
SMS
Short Message Service
SOCAN
Society of Composers, Authors, and Music Publishers of Canada
SPA
Software Publishers Association
SSL
Secure Sockets Layer
SVG
Scalable Vector Graphics

T

TASI
Technical Advisory Service for Images
TAUM
Traduction automatique à l'Université de Montréal
TERLA
The Electronic Rights Licensing Agency
TGN
Thesaurus of Geographic Names
TIFF
Tagged Information File Format
TLC
The Learning Coalition 
TMS
The Museum System
TRIPS
Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
TTF
True Type Font

U

UCITA
Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act
UL
Unordered list
ULAN
Union List of Artist Names 
UMTS
Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
UNC
University of North Carolina
UNESCO
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization 
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
URNs
Universal Resource Names
USB
Universal Serial Bus
UVic
University of Victoria

V

VAGA
Visual Arts and Galleries Association
VERS
Victorian Electronic Records Srategy
VMC
Virtual Museum of Canada
VMFA
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
VR
Virtual Reality
VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol

W

W3C
World Wide Web Consortium
WAN
Wide Area Network
WAP
Wireless Application Protocol
WAV
Sound file format
WBS
Work Breakdown Structure
WCAG
Web Content Accessibility Guidelines
WIPO
World Intellectual Property Organization
WLAN
Wireless Local Area Network
WML
Wireless Markup Language
WTO
World Trade Organization
WWW
World Wide Web
WebCGM
Computer Graphics Metafile
Wi-Fi
Wireless fidelity

X

XHTML
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language
XHTML MP
Extensible Hypertext Markup Language Mobile Profile
XML
Extensible Markup Language

Y

YCW
Young Canada Works
YES
Youth Employment Strategy
YHMA
Yukon Historical and Museums Association